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Portal into a Timeless World

Slovak Republic

The folk culture of Slovakia as a specific system of material and non-material outcomes of human activities, transferred from generation to generation, started to develop in the Middle Ages. Although it gradually transformed and then vanished with the rise of modernisation in the 19th and 20th century, its influence is still present in many areas of today´s life. The nature of the concrete expressions of traditional culture was influenced by natural and climate conditions, as well as by ethnic and religious factors, urban agglomerations, administrative and regional division of the country, etc. The lowland type of culture is characterised by favourable climate conditions, intensive development of agriculture and livestock breeding, the wearing of lighter clothes, the use of clay and straw for the building of shelters, often covered by straw or reeds. The mountainous type of culture was adapted to harsher climate conditions and less fertile soil, and was mainly characterised by wood architecture, and the wearing of warmer clothes from woollen fabrics and fur. Low agricultural productivity led to the development of banking, wood processing, sheep-farming, and an entire range of crafts. The unique synergy of these factors resulted in the development of Slovak regions with distinctive cultural elements – cultural regions which still form a mosaic of the country´s cultural heritage to a greater or smaller degree. (Source: Beňušková Z. 2010. Folk Culture. Edition Cultural Heritage of Slovakia. Ed. D. Kollár. Bratislava: Dajama 2010.)

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